Bollywood, informal name given to Mumbai based hindi language film industry in India. The name ‘Bollywood‘ name derived from Bombay (the city now called Mumbai) and Hollywood (the famous center of the United States film industry). It is studied that production wise is it is the largest film industry in the world with over 1000 film produced very year and around fourteen million Indians go to the movies on a daily basis (about 1.4% of the population of 1 billion).
Silent Era to talkies
Father of indian cinema Dadasaheb Phalke made the first silent hindi film “Raja Harishchandra”, It was released in 1913. The film, based on a mythological character of king Harishchandra’s life, was India’s first full-length feature film.
The growth of technology gave birth of India’s first ‘talking and singing’ film – “Alam Ara” made by Ardeshir Irani and screened in Mumbai in 1930. In 1937 Ardeshir Irani made a first hindi color film“Kishan Kanhaya”. Interestingly, Indian cinema also jumped into Indian English movie called “Noorjahan” in1931.
It is said that the Indian cinema’s golden age was from 1950s and 1960s; lots of great movies with new technology had been introduced by the great directors. “Kagaz ke phool”, it was one of the greatest movies, directed by legend actor director Guru Dutt in 1959 and it was the first cinemascope film of Bollywood. Developments were very rapid in Indian cinema and new technology of 3D has introduced. “Shiva ka Insaaf” was the first hindi movie made in 3D.